Students enter into the Canadian Resident Matching Service (CaRMS) in the fall of their final year.  Students rank their preferences of hospitals and specialties.  In turn, the programs to which they applied rank each student.  Both sets of rank lists are confidential.  Each group's preferences are entered into a Stable_marriage_problem#Similar problem computerized matching system to determine placement for Residency (medicine)residency positions.  'Match Day' usually occurs in March  a few months before graduation.  The length of post-graduate training varies with choice of specialty.  Family medicine, or General practitioner|general practice, is a 2 year program accredited by the College of Family Physicians Canada College of Family Physicians of Canada (CFPC).  All Medical specialist|specialty residencies are accredited by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada ; most are 5 years long.  Internal medicine and pediatrics are 4-year programs in which the final year can be used to complete a Fellowship (medicine)fellowship in general internal medicine or general pediatrics, or used towards a longer Fellowship (medicine)fellowship (e.g., cardiology  A few surgical residencies, including cardiac surgery, neurosurgery, and some general surgery programs, last 6 years.  Subspecialty Fellowship (medicine)|fellowships are available after most residencies.  Family medicine programs often offer an optional third year of training in such fields as emergency medicine and care of the elderly (as opposed to Geriatrics, which is a subspecialty of internal medicine.

Some important medical college in Canada
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